Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowsky (1840–1893) Eugen Onegin Op. 24
Lyrical Opera in 3 Acts Text: Konstantin S. Schilowskij and Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowsky
solos: SMezMez(A)ATTBarBBB – choir: SSAATTBB – picc.220.127.116.11. – 18.104.22.168. – timp – hp – str
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Duration: full evening
Place and time: Partly on the estate, partly in Petersburg, in 20ies of the 19th Century
Characters: Larina, Owner of the Estate (mezzo-soprano) - Tatiana (soprano) and Olga (alto), her Daughters - Filipjewna, Wet Nurse (mezzo-soprano/alto) - Eugen Onegin (baritone) - Lenskij (tenor) - Prince Gremin (bass) - A Commander (bass) - Saretzkij (bass) - Triquet, a French Man (tenor) - Guillot, a Valet (silent part) - Country Folk, Ball Guests, Squire, Officers (chorus) - Waltz, mazurka, polonaise and Russian dance (Ballet )
There is an interesting parallel between the subject of the opera and Tchaikovskys life during the year he wrote the work (1877): in each case, a letter provokes fateful developments in the lives of the protagonists. In the opera, Tatyanas love letter to Eugene sets off the tragedy, whereas in real life, the love letter of a pupil led the composer into a marriage, which lasted all of ... three months. Tchaikovsky took this doomed decision "without love, solely because the circumstances want it and because I cannot act differently. Certain allusions made, for example, in a letter of January 1878 to Taneyev suggest that the composers personal situation also flowed into the work: "I did not want anything to do with the so-called grand opera. I am looking for an intimate but powerful drama which is built on the conflict of circumstances which I myself have seen and experienced, a conflict which truly moves me. Partly for this reason the composer decided to call the work not an "opera but "lyrical scenes."Eugene Onegin", conceived by Tchaikovsky for "limited resources and a small stage, is the most frequently performed Russian opera today along with Mussorgskys "Boris Godunov", which represents a completely contrary aesthetic stance.
|Act 1: Duet & Quartet - Chorus & Peasants' Dance - Olga's Arioso - Scene - Quartet - Scene & Lensky's Arioso - Closing Scene - Introduction & Scene with the Nurse - Letter Scene (Tatjana's Scene) - Duet - Chorus of Maidens - Scene & Onegin's Aria|
|Act 2: Entr'acte & Waltz - Scene & Triquet's Couplets - Mazurka & Scene - Finale - Scene & Lensky's Aria - Duel Scene|
|Act 3: Polonaise - Scene & Prince Gremin's Aria - Scene & Onegin's Arioso - Closing Scene|