Joseph Haydn (1732–1809) The Creation Hob XXI:2
Oratorio [solos,mix ch,orch] duration: 120' Text: Gottfried van Swieten
solos: STB – choir: SATB – 126.96.36.199.dble bsn – 188.8.131.52. – timp – str – bc
In the late 18th century, Joseph Haydn composed a choral work –
The Creation – which set the standard for the sacred oratorio genre that stood long after the Viennese classical era and far beyond the boundaries of the German linguistic sphere.
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Following sensationally acclaimed premiere performances in Vienna,
The Creation was published in several languages and by various publishing houses, including Breitkopf & Härtel in Leipzig.
We now know that a continuo instrument was used for Haydn's oratorio as premiered in Vienna. The supplementary continuo part enables an historically accurate reproduction for the first time: the harpsichord (and, increasingly, the pianoforte) fulfilled the important continuo function in the orchestras of the time.