Eduard Franck (1817–1893) Violin Sonatas
Urtext edited by Nick Pfefferkorn [vl,pno]
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Sonata No. 1 op. 19 was composed around 1853 in Cologne. At that time, Franck was working as a teacher of music theory at the Cologne Conservatory, and it is assumed that he composed the sonata mainly for his own concert performances. The work came into being through his acquaintance with the young, highly talented violinist Theodor Pixis (1831–1856), who also premièred the sonata.
The 1st violin sonata was published in print together with the 2nd sonata op. 23, which was composed in 1859.
Sonata No. 3 op. 60 was probably written around 1876; however, it was not published until 1910, long after the composerʼs death.
Sonata No. 4 in D major (1861) is one of Franckʼs few works not published during his lifetime or after his death. Thus, the present edition is a first print based on the only surviving source: the composerʼs autograph.
Eduard Franck undoubtedly regarded his violin sonatas as a contribution to overcoming the crisis in this genre. Ever since Beethoven and Schubert, no major works had been written, leaving aside Schumannʼs three sonatas from 1851–53. In this void between 1830 and 1880, Eduard Franckʼs violin sonatas occupy an honorable place.