Clara Schumann (1819–1896)

Clara Schumann ranks among the most important women musicians of the 19th century. She wrote songs, chamber music and the Piano Concerto in a minor op. 5, which is increasingly finding its way into the repertoire of many pianists today.

Her father Friedrich Wieck had foreseen a career as a pianist for her. He taught her and had her perform in public for the first time in 1828.She started undertaking long concert tours in 1832 and married the composer Robert Schumann in 1840 against her father's will. During her marriage she wrote songs, chamber music and the Piano Concerto in a minor op. 7, which is increasingly finding its way into the repertoire of many pianists today. After her husband's death in 1856 she devoted herself more intensively to her pianistic career and committed herself with a great deal of energy to her husband's works. She also played works by Beethoven, Chopin and Brahms, with whom she maintained a profound and lasting friendship. She also edited Robert Schumann's works and published a collection of his writings.