Helmut Lachenmann (*1935) Ausklang
Music for Piano with Orchestra [pno,orch] 1984/85 duration: 50'
solo: pno – picc.2(2picc).A-fl(picc)3.3.B-clar.3.dble bsn – 220.127.116.11. – perc(4) – hp – pno – str: 18.104.22.168.8.
World première: Cologne (Musik der Zeit), April 18, 1986
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The wish to defeat gravity, to outsmart it, or at least to simulate situations of conquered gravity, can find its pendant in the many attempts to delay the fading away of sound which has been put into vibration by an impulse - or instance the sound of a piano. The history of piano music, and not just since Romanticism, is almost completely the history of such techniques. Though these play an important role in my compositions, I am more interested in how the possibilities are changing. Pianistic models derived from fingering techniques, organised as mechanical processes initially only meant to move the strings, the fading away of which should be prevented by several violent interventions; severe rhythmicised processes of construction and deconstruction; filtering, sudden integration of totally different categories of perception, etc: such smuggled models created their own dynamics.
Also essential is the possibility of transfering the initial pianistic type (attack impulse, figuration, form, metamorphosis, but also reversibility and firmness) to the orchestra, to separate characteristic orchestral groups as if to create a superpiano. The solo instrument thus becomes only part of the whole. As signposts in this material landscape, there are raw basic forms such as the unchanged echo, the pure sound, but also more complex forms such as "false echo", the "filtered cantilene" and finally also "martellato" fields covering their own echo or being swallowed by it.
Simultaneously, there is a harmonic image: harmonics orientated towards simple and aggregate forms, unison sound (the orchestral version of the string choirs of the piano), but also a second, the simple tonally unresolved interval. All these are coordinated in view of the fading processes which have to be hindered on a small and a large scale, expressively emptied and loaded anew. The music thus goes through situations which – continuing, contrasting or changing in quality originate from one another. It appears to move away from the initial idea, becoming more and more independent, only to reach that same idea again, recognizing themselves as a giant cantibile, and subject themselves to it.
(Helmut Lachenmann, program notes for the Huddersfield Festival 2000)
Massimiliano Damerini, Kölner Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester, cond. Peter Eötvös
CD col legno WWE 31862
Ueli Wiget (piano), Ensemble Modern Orchestra, cond. Markus Stenz
Pierre-Laurent Aimard (piano), Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, cond. Jonathan Nott
CD NEOS 11423
Febel, Reinhard: Das Bist Du. Zur Musik von Helmut Lachenmann, in: Reinhard Febel, Alles ständig in Bewegung. Texte zur Musik 1976-2003, hrsg. von Rainer Nonnenmann (= Quellentexte zur Musik des 20./21. Jahrhunderts 11.1), Saarbrücken: Pfau 2004, pp. 168-180.
Herzfeld, Isabel: “Tradition ist etwas Dynamisches, das immer weitergehen muss.” Ein Gespräch mit Helmut Lachenmann über „Ausklang – Musik für Klavier mit Orchester“, in: Piano News (2014), Heft 6, pp. 60-64.
Huber, Sonja: Das Klavierkonzert heute? Bewahrung der Tradition oder Experimentiertfeld für Neues? in: Die Tonkunst, 6 (2012), Heft 3, pp. 368-373.
dies.: Klavierkonzerte an der Schwelle zum 21. Jahrhundert. Ausgewählte Werke von M. Feldman, H. Lachenmann, G. Ligeti, W. Lutoslawski, G. Kühr und M. Jarrell, Diss. Wien 2010.
Ausklang und Abgesang. Helmut Lachenmann im Gespräch mit Max Nyffeler, in: Lucerne Festival, Sommer 2005 Neuland, Konzertprogramm 6, pp. 34-42.
Zink, Michael: Analytischer Versuch über Helmut Lachenmanns "Ausklang", in: MusikTexte, Heft 96 (Februar 2003), pp. 27-41.